Calls and sounds of the Peking street peddlers

Paintings of street sellers and descriptions of their cries and jingles from Samuel Victor Constant's Calls, Sounds and Merchandise of the Peking Street Peddlers, written in 1936 as a master's thesis at the College of Chinese Studies.


This man with his trained bear is seen at all times of the year. The bear is called a “kou hsiung” or “dog bear” because it is about the size of a large dog.

The dog is trained to

(1) swing a “ch’a” or fork like implement used by Chinese soldiers in ancient times.
(2) use a “hu ch’eng tzu” or “tiger stretcher” like the medicine man who salls “kao yuo” or plasters.
(3) put on a hat like that worn by officials in the time of the Manchus.