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Old books about street cries

Street cries were once a popular subject of songs and literature in Britain, continental Europe and elsewhere. Each month throughout 2018 I'll be adding transcribed and digitised books to this collection.

Nation of shopkeepers, city of street traders

This is a new section of the website, launched in January 2018, in which I'm presenting transcribed and digitised out-of-copyright books about street cries.

Street traders' cries often had a distinctive musical prosody, arising from the need for easy projection and repetition. Through them the traders could also declare their place in the traditions of city life. In the case of London, writers had described such vocal customs from at least the time of the early 15th-century satirical poem London Lickpenny and William Langland's Piers Plowman of the late 14th century. Street cries were worked into the early 17th-century musical compositions of Orlando Gibbons and Richard Dering. They reappeared in later popular and classical works, from broadsheet ballads to Vaughan Williams's A London Symphony, Lionel Bart's music for Oliver! and the Thames Television signature tune Salute to Thames with its flower girl's melody of "Who will buy my sweet violets?"



Most surviving books about street cries are from the 19th century. Those from the early to mid part of the century were usually cheaply-printed chapbooks meant for children, and in them traders could be presented as examples of the necessary ordering of society, reminiscent of the constructive roles projected onto animals in nature. Late 19th-century books, such as those by Andrew Tuer and Charles Hindley, more often sought the attention of adult readers by writing about street cries as a form of living local history.

In presenting the books, I'm not only scanning pictures but also transcribing the text where there's big swathes of it. This is time-consuming but makes it easier to read the books than if you had to zoom in and out of pages which had been scanned in their entirety. I've broken the books down into parts or sections where doing so aids readability and page load times.

As more books are gathered, it should be possible to start to identify particular themes worth exploring and commenting on. To begin exploring, simply select a book title from the column on the left and click on it to reveal its part or chapter links. Be sure to revisit often, as I plan on adding at least two books a month during 2018.

ANTI-SEMITISM IN STREET CRIES LITERATURE

Some of the books reproduced here contain depictions of old clothes sellers. The sellers are usually identified as Jews and in some instances they're written about in a hostile way, for example by claiming they'll try to rip off their customers or by associating them with the killers of Jesus.

I don't think it'd be right to reproduce bowdlerised versions with those parts kept out, and the presence of anti-Semitic tropes in 18th and 19th-century popular literature shouldn't come as a surprise to many adult readers. However, schoolteachers have occasionally referred their pupils to other sections of my site, and so it could be that someone does the same with this section, believing it to contain wholly inocuous material. Be advised this isn't so.